Publication Ethics

ASFA is committed to maintain the standards of publication ethics and support ethical research practices, referring to the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE). ASFA is strictly against double publication and plagiarism. Articles submitted to ASFA should not be submitted to other journals elsewhere. If detected allegations of misconduct, the editorial teams will investigate the author. If the readers knew or notified of a potential break of publication ethics, ASFA encourages you to inform the journal editors and staff as soon as possible.


Authorship Guidelines

The editor of ASFA welcomes article submissions in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • The article has not been published, accepted for publication, or is being considered for publication elsewhere.
  • Attach a written statement explaining that the article is original and does not contain elements of plagiarism.
  • Articles must be submitted in a soft file with document format (.doc, .rtf or .docx) and accordanced with the article format to the Online Submission page.
  • Types of articles that are eligible for publication include: research reports (field or archives), conceptual ideas, studies, or theoretical applications.
  • Articles are written in English, Arabic, or Bahasa using academic language with standard structure and composition of academic writing
  • The title consists between 15-20 words depending on the language used in the manuscript. Under the title is written the author's name, the author's institution and the author's email address.
  • Bahasa and English manuscripts are typed with Times New Roman font size 12, spaced 1.5 and Arabic manuscript is typed with Traditional Arabic font size 16, spaced 1 in quarto paper size (A4). Manuscript length is between 4000-8000 words including references, pictures, and tables. Papers that greatly exceed this will be critically reviewed with respect to length.
  • Correct Diacritics and Spelling of Names
    • Articles must know special symbols (for example, phonetics). Writers must know the spelling of their own names, especially in the case of personal names, newspapers, offices, and language organizations. They should be written with the original spelling even though it may be outdated now, for example: Soekarno, Soegondo. Meanwhile, each geographic name must be written in their modern spelling.
  • Date and Number
    • The date in the text is written 17 August 1945; the date in footnotes and bibliography is written 17-8-1945. Numbers from one to ten must be spelled out; higher numbers, percentages and measurements should be given as numbers (3 km, 6%).
  • Figures and Tables
    • If your manuscript contains figures or tables, do not include the figures and tables in the manuscript but upload them as separate documents. Number the figures and tables in order and then refer to them in the text (Figure 1, Figure 2, Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Indicate in the manuscript where you would like to see the included figures or tables if the manuscript was accepted for publication.
    • Maps are called pictures (their placement in the text is the same as the guidelines for writing pictures). Use high resolution source files for the whole image: for photos min. 150 dpi, for line drawings at least 300 dpi. Please keep in mind that the image itself must also be of high quality (clear and sharp, and any text in the image is legible). Provide captions and image sources in the main text.
  • Reference list format based on the style of APA (American Psychological Association) 6th edition. The reference list should appear at the end of the article and include only the literature actually cited in the manuscript. References are arranged alphabetically. We strongly recommend authors to use reference tools, such as Mendeley, Zotero, Endnote, etc. Here are some APA based reference format structures.


Review Guidelines

  • All manuscripts are reviewed in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of the authors.
  • Any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be communicated to the editor.
  • All information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.
  • Any information that may be the reason for a publication rejection must be communicated to the Editor.
  • The duty of confidentiality in the assessment of a manuscript must be maintained by expert reviewers, and this extends to reviewers’ colleagues who may be asked (with the editor’s permission) to give opinions on specific sections.
  • Submitted manuscript should not be retained or copied.
  • Reviewers and editors should not make any use of the data, arguments, or interpretations unless they have the authors’ permission.
  • Reviewers should provide speedy, accurate, courteous, unbiased, and justifiable reports.
  • Reviewers assigned to an article will comment on the following items:
    1. The importance, originality, and timeliness of the study.
    2. Strengths and weaknesses of the study design and data analysis for research papers or the analysis and commentary for essays.
    3. Writing, organization, and presentation.
    4. The degree to which the findings justify the conclusion.
    5. The relevance, usefulness, and comprehensibility of the article for the Journal’s target audience.


Editorship Guidelines

  • Editors’ decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication based on the paper’s importance, originality, and clarity, and the study’s relevance to the remit of the journal.
  • Editor’s decisions about whether or not to publish submitted manuscripts must not be influenced by pressure from the editor's employer, the journal owner, or the publisher.
  • Editors must keep all submitted papers confidential and  peer-reviewers’ identities from authors..
  • Editors should inform peer reviewers about this Misconduct.
  • Editors should encourage peer-reviewers to consider ethical issues raised by the research they are reviewing and decline peer-review requests if they identify a conflict of interest with the manuscript.
  • Editors should request additional information from authors if they feel this is required.
  • Editors should inform readers if ethical breaches have occurred.
  • Editors may assign peer-reviewers suggested by authors but should not consider suggestions made by authors as binding.
  • Editors should mediate all exchanges between authors and peer reviewers during the peer-review process (i.e. prior to publication). 
  • Editors should publish corrections for discovered errors that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in a manuscript.
  • Editors should expect allegations of theft or plagiarism to be substantiated and should treat allegations of theft or plagiarism seriously.
  • Editors should ensure timely peer-review and publication for manuscripts they receive.
  • The Editorial Board is responsible for making publication decisions based on the reviewer’s evaluation, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restraint acting against plagiarism, libel, and copyright infringement.